Have you ever wondered if you can get bumps on your vagina? Vaginal bumps are similar with other pimples that appear in other areas. Vaginal bumps can be itchy, burning, painful, painless, tender, red flesh colored alone or clustered or even ooze fluid or pus.
Bumps may appear on labia for no reason and selfheal. Others may appear due to skin disorders, as a sign of sexually transmitted infections or more serious causes like cancer. Finding new vaginal lumps can be worrying, but don’t go straight to panic mode. Many of these bumps are fairly harmless and easy to treat as you will realize on this article.
Vaginal bumps vs vulva bumps
Vagina more often refer to both internal organ (vagina) and external genitalia (vulva). According to Healthline Vagina is a muscular tube that leads to cervix, which is the opening of the uterus. Rugae are bumps and ridges pleats of extra tissue when vagina is relaxed.
However, during sex and child birth rugae enables vagina to expand. The vulva has several organs which includes,
- Labia majora; the larger lips of vulva. This is the outer part where pubic hair grows.
- The labia minora is the inner fold or the hairless skin that contains sebaceous glands. The inner part has smaller lips surrounding the opening of vagina. Labia minora is dotted with oil glands and also contains Bartholin’s and Skene’s glands which produce mucus and other lubricants.
Causes of vaginal bumps and pimples?
Vaginal and vulva bumps may form normally or due to other skin condition and infections that require medical attention. Vulva is one of the bumpiest part of your body that may be normal or other that tend to increase in size, number and age.
1. Razor Bumps
Shaving and waxing method may cause infection on the small hair follicles around the vulva forming lumps and bumps. According to Dweck, these infections may range from rash like razor burn to pus oozing boil.
Have you tried changing your shaving method? Shaving in your pubic hair may lessen irritation of your pubic hair follicle. Using shaving creams and clean sharp razors may also help in getting rid of bumps as a result of your hair removal method.
2. Ingrown Hair
Plucking, Shaving and waxing pubic hair increases chances or risks of ingrown hair. This causes the pubic hair to coil inside causing small round itchy bump. The bumps may be pus filled and the skin around it become darker.
These bumps usually resolve without treatment, although if inflammation persist seek medical attention. Avoid popping these ingrown bumps since they can lead to severe infection.
Genital herpes may also cause vulva bumps, swollen glands or even large sores. These sores may be accompanied by fever and pain in the genitals, bottom and legs. This is an infection caused by herpes simplex virus. Herpes spread though oral, anal or vaginal sex.
Secondary symptoms of herpes may include; Ulcers, cluster or multiple red bumps that may form painful blisters or bumps. Generally, herpes symptoms often clear up but recur again. There is no cure for genital herpes but its severity and symptoms are controlled through antiviral medication.
4. Skin Tags
These are small protruding flaps of extra skin that cause discomfort when rubbed, touched or become irritated. Vaginal skin tags do not cause harm, but if they are bothersome they can be surgically removed. Laser treatment may also help to get rid of vaginal skin tags.
Psoriasis condition is characterized by raised red or white patches topped with silvery and scaling skin. Generally, psoriasis affect elbow, knee, back, scalp tail bone and other areas like vagina.
6. Menopause and Lichen Sclerosus
Women who have undergone menopause are prone to lichen sclerosus. Lichen sclerosus is uncommon skin condition. Women affected by this skin condition are more prone to vulva cancer. However, lichen sclerosus is treatable by corticosteroid creams or ointment, although it may recur.
It is characterized by:
- Pain when urinating or during sexual intercourse
- Severe itching
- Bleeding or bruising
- Blisters that may or may not be filled with blood
- Wrinkled skin
- White spots that may turn to patches
7. Yeast Infection
Thrush is a common condition affecting 70-75% of women, having a yeast infection in their life. This infection is caused by overgrowth of yeast called candida. Thrust infection may be treated using antifungal cream while recurrent infection may need longer suppression treatment from a month to years.
However, it worth noting dermatitis sometimes may be mistaken for thrush infection. Seek medical attention for persistent symptoms.
These are swollen veins that appear around the vulva especially during pregnancies or aging women. They look like bluish raised bumps on labia majora and minora. They give vulva a purple look and at times may lead to vulva arching. Varicosities on pregnant women need no treatment to get rid of them, since rarely do cause problem during delivery and they heal within 6 weeks after birth.
However, for non-pregnant women they may cause discomfort during intercourse or when standing for long period and can be embarrassing. Consulting the vein surgery specialist to help you get rid of varicosities if not pregnant.
9. Genital Hair Follicles
Infection of hair follicle in the genital area may cause pimple bumps. Shaving and waxing of pubic hair increases the risk of folliculitis. After shaving the hair may curl back causing inflammation or ingrown hair.
Folliculitis may also develop due to:
- Wearing tight clothing
- Blocked hair follicle due to sweat
- Swimming pool or using unclean hot tub
- Infected wound, cut or bacteria spread from nearby infected hair follicle
10. Sebaceous Cyst
Your skin is full of oil glands even around the vulva. Blocked oil glands tend to be irritating forming small, hard, painless lump in the vulva. Sebaceous cyst bumps get away on their own without doctor intervention. However, if the cyst causes discomfort seek doctors review and appropriate treatment.
Warts are flesh colored or pink lumps that come in a range of sizes and shapes either occurring singularly or in clusters. Genital warts are caused by human papilloma virus(HPV). HPV is transmissible through skin to skin contact through oral, anal or vaginal sex.
Warts may appear on the clitoris, vulva, cervix, urethra or inside the vagina or even around the anus. Warts generally are painless and are treatable through chemical application, antiviral creams or ablation method (burning, freezing and use of laser to remove warts).
12. Contact dermatitis
Irritants and allergens may cause this type of eczema characterized by bumps or sore lumps. In many cases vaginal bumps are contact dermatitis in genital area.
Common allergens and irritants include
- Detergents, fragranced soaps and shower washes
- Medicated lotions or gels
- Sanitary pads, tampons, spermicides, condoms and lubricants
- Feminine hygiene products like deodorants, lotions and powders
- Semen, urine etc.
Bumps tend to form along the friction lines especially where clothes like trousers rub. Cysts lumps may also form due to blocked sweat glands. Alternatively, lumps may form due to unbreathable undergarments that you wear. When sweat cannot escape, cysts tend to form. Do not try to pop or pick such cyst it may get infected to form abscess or boil.
14. Fordyce Spots
These are small yellow white painless and harmless lumps that measure between 1-3mmin diameter. They are generally enlarged sebaceous glands or oil glands especially during puberty, pregnancy or with hormonal treatment.
Both female and male are prone to Fordyce bumps. In men they may also occur on the penis. However, the reasons why in some people they are prominent than in others has not yet been established.
15. Seborrheic Keratosis
Generally known as senile warts. They are harmless lesions or warts lumps found on the labia majora. These bumps increase over the skin in number as one age. Senile warts are often dark in color and may appear solitary or multiple especially in women from age of 30 years.
Due to their dark color they may be mistaken by melanomas, worry not these bumps pose no potential of becoming cancerous.
16. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
HPV is the most known sexually transmitted infection which often manifest in significant way and causes genital warts. Genital warts appear as little flat or raised cauliflower, however at times you may have genital warts without any lumps showing up.
You can also spread to your partner even if you have no observable symptom. Generally, genital warts get away on their own, although doctor’s consultation can help you fasten the healing process through laser treatment, surgical method or use of creams.
17. Labia Cancer
You may develop bumps on vulva due to cancer. However, vaginal cancer is very rare, although vulva cancer is not that rare especially in older women but still not that common. Therefore, if you have bumps down there you shouldn’t jump to a conclusion.
According to mayo clinic, if you have vaginal cancer you may experience itching, bleeding, burning and painful urination. American cancer society recommends you visit ob/ gyn to check of various infections. There is recorded incidences of skin cancer (melanoma) on the vulva. The signs include a skin lesion, raised or flat, bleeding or not with irregular borders or with different color from other lesions.
- Bacterial Vaginosis
- Hidradenitis Suppurativa
- Granuloma Inguinale
- Acanthosis Nigricans
Cyst on the labia, bumps on labia, vag lips, Labia majora, labia minora
Epidermoid cyst or sebaceous cyst are more common on the labia majora. They may appear as a yellow or white lumps with a diameter of about -5 mm. If the cyst gets infected, it may get sore and become reddish. Mostly labia cysts affect older women but rarely do they need surgical removal.
Cyst of the inner vulva or mucous cysts may occur on the vestibule area. Mucous cyst appears as a painless soft lumps that may be left alone or removed through surgical removal.
Bump on labia red dot, sore to touch
Do you have small red bumps near your vagina? Do they feel sore and itchy to touch? Relax do not panic. Small red bumps that may be itchy or tender to touch can occur due to waxing, shaving, wearing tights, dirty undergarments, sweaty workout etc.
Red bumps may also be folliculitis. Itchy swollen skin might also contract dermatitis due to allergy or skin sensitivity to things like detergents and body wash, or even cloth fabrics. However, it is worth noting they are two small glands called Bartholin’s glands on either side of the opening that secrete mucus to lubricate the vagina.
In case the fluid builds up it may cause blockage and ultimately a cyst. This kind of cyst typically go away on their own, but if it became painful it can be drained by your doctor.
Itchy bump on the vag lip
There are different conditions that may affects your vulva. These infections may range from mild skin infections to very rare or serious condition like cancer. Different infection can cause different symptoms like bleeding, swelling, itching, rashes or even pimples.
It’s worth seeking medical review if you notice any symptoms in your vulvar region. Bumps on vag lips can appear dues to;
- Genital herpes
- Genital warts
- Chicken pox
- Public lice or Scabies etc.
Pigmentation of the inner vulva
Vulva melanosis is color changes that is common in the inner labia minora. These color changes like brown flat patches are common especially in darker skinned females. These dark spots are completely harmless and very rare. It’s worth noting that it is not easy to differentiate these dark spots, they can be precancerous, thus best checked by your doctor for testing or take photos for follow up.
Get rid of Vulva or Vaginal Bumps
Is it advisable to pop vaginal bumps? The best option is not to pop a vaginal lumps or pimples. Popping bumps may lead to spreading bacterial infection. Consequently, this may irritate this sensitive area and make things worse or even make it become a boil filled with pus and extremely painful.
1. Topical medication
Bumps or pimples may be caused by minor irritation which may clear up on their own. However, if they don’t you can use topical medication.
2. Home Remedy
- The vaginal pH is between 3.5 to 4.5, use products that maintains or doesn’t interfere with this pH. Read products pH levels on the packaging. Antibacterial soaps tend to have pH between 9 and 10, keep away from them.
- Benzoyl peroxide is your best friend. Benzoyl peroxide products are helpful to sensitive skin. it also helps prevent irritation. Avoid it getting in contact with internal skin.
- Cortisone injection is also a good remedy to bumps visit your dermatologists.
- Warm compress may also help get rid of big cystic bumps. It can also provide immediate relief to itchy bumps.
3. Prevention tips
Behavior change can help prevent itchy vulva bumps. To prevent future occurrence of bumps you may consider avoiding the following:
- Very hot bathing water or showering or bath tubs
- Popping or touching lumps too much
- Scented soaps, detergents
- Tight fitting clothing
- Synthetic underwear and use cotton made
- Consult your doctor on best menstrual products that are safe to use
- Use sharp, sterilized razors for shaving, shaving or waxing the right way.
- Keep the area dry as much as possible.