Skin is one of the largest organ on our body. Definitely we can say that skin defines us, as human beings, in terms of color and texture etc. Through our research we have found different cultures in the world have developed cultural obsession on healthy skin. In this article we examine different scientific advancements on healthy skin cultural obsession that have become a global lifestyle phenomenon.
Surely proper skin care routine can result to glass skin (fancy for clear, luminous, transparent skin complexion as crystal as glass). The following article discusses steps that will help take your complexion to another level, we promise once started you can’t stop the routine.
For sure you cannot be noncommittal with one of your largest body organ through skin care routine. This article will help you to keep your skin functionality at best, but it is not about creating perfection.
Essential steps in skin care routine
San Francisco says that beauty routine is an opportunity to notice changes within oneself. The main target or goals should be to tune up oneself complexion or trouble shoot and keep skin functionality at its best. One thing you should note is that irrespective of your skin type, its needs keep shifting with age, and needed skin products.
Technological innovation has come a long way but there is nothing like skin instant fix. You need time and patience to reap the benefits. Result can only be seen through consistent routine.
Make the following steps your daily ritual to fortify your skin.
A. Skin Cleansing
Washing your skin is the most basic and first step of any skin care routine. Your skin come in contact with pollutant at continuous motion. Environmental pollutants, dirt and other acne pimples causing substances need to be gently removed.
Washing your skin twice a day, at the morning and at night to avoid clogged pores, inflammation and acne pimples outbreak. However, the right cleansing method should avoid removing essential healthy skin oils. Avoid over scratching and using rough garments to wash your skin.
Cleansers for Different Skin Types
1. Gel Cleansers
They are clear gel like cleansers meant for deep skin cleansing. They are effective for oily and combination skin. Gel cleansers are effective in decongesting clogged pores, killing bacteria within the pores and removing excess oil. Many of the gel cleanses are good antibacterial and exfoliators.
2. Lotion or Cream Cleansers
Lotion cleansers are thick creamy or milky. They are mostly formed by shea butter and glycerin. Creamy cleansers help to get rid of skin impurities as well as hydrating your dry skin. These cleansers gently cleanse your skin without removing its sebum or natural occurring oils. They are good cleansers for dry, red, sensitive or eczema prone skin.
3. Foaming Liquid Cleansers.
Foam cleansers are lightweight creams or gel that form foamy rather or airy foam that help to break down dirt and remove excess oil from skin pores. Foaming liquid cleansers are good for oily and acne prone skin.
These cleansers are in powdery soft form when dry, although they change into creamy form when they come in contact with water. Powder cleansers are gentle exfoliators and glides smoothly on your oily and sensitive skin. They are idea for sensitive and oily skin.
5. Micellar Cleansers
This is one of the French soap free routine that contain tiny oil molecules that attract dirt debris, oil and makeup like magnet. It’s one of the great cleansers that works in almost all types of skin.
The merit about it, is you need not to rinse them off with water or rub it off like other cleansers. In addition, it does not dry the sebum off causing skin dryness.
6. Oil Cleansers
This may sound awkward, cleansing your skin with oil since it known to cause acne pimples break out. Most Experts recommends oil cleansers as a gentle way of removing dirt, oil and water proof makeups without compromising skin natural sebum. These cleansers may be used in many skin, more so the sensitive ones.
7. Melting Balm Cleansers
This balm transforms into liquid when rubbed against the skin. The melting balm can be good to dissolve heavy makeups. It’s also essential in soothing mature skin
8. Bar Cleansers
Currently, there is new uptake of bar cleansers that have little or no soap. These bars contain skin friendly ingredients just like other luxurious cleansers counterparts. Bar cleansers may contain moisturizing ingredients like glycerin, highly rich in nutrients and also may have essentials oils. Bar cleansers are good for oily skin and combination skin.
9. Cleansing Cloths and Sponges
Cleansing cloths are special made fibers or plant derived that help to remove skin impurities, dirt, dead skin cells. They are also called cleansing wipes, sponges or mitts depending on the materials they are made off. They are best used in oily or with those with combined skin.
10. Clay Cleansers
Clay cleansers are known more so for its absorption power. They are mostly recommended for removing excess oil and toxins. They are applied on the skin and then washed off. These cleansers are made of clay and other ingredients that make it suitable to be used on oily and combination skin effectively.
- Make sure you use cleanser suitable for your skin.
- Use look warm water when cleansing.
- Avoid harsh rubbing, be gentle to achieve better complexion.
- After cleansing and rinsing off your skin avoid reaching out to your towel. Instead apply moisturizers to keep it hydrated.
Steps to Cleanse Your Skin
- Clean or remove your makeup using cleansing water or wipes.
- Wash your skin with small amount of appropriate cleanser for your skin.
- Rinse off your skin with lukewarm water and gently pat dry with clean dry towel
B. Balancing Your Skin (Toning)
Toning is an important skin care routine for your skin. Skin experts says, it is a way of adding specific essential ingredients to your skin as well as adding another layer of skin replenishment. Toning is a better way of delivering an extra shot of nutrients to your skin.
However, its best you first understand your skin types that you can make the right choice of toner for your skin. Understanding your correct choice of toners, ensures you don’t alter your skin pH balance. As you choose avoid toners with harsh chemicals and look for the ones with gentle toning ingredients like natural botanical cleansing agents.
Toner is used to complete cleansing procedure, lowers the skin pH levels, removing impurities, soothes the skin and help prepare it for moisturizers. You will be surprised on how much dirt will be removed with cotton swab and toner that was missed during cleansing.
Choosing Toner for Your Skin
1. Acne Prone Skin
For Acne prone skin, get rid of excess oil by choosing a toner with salicylic acid. Salicylic acid helps to exfoliate your skin, remove dead skin cells and also help in cell turnover and collagen production.
2. Dry Skin
For dry skin, you need toners with essential oils and glycerin. Essential oils are great for your dry skin, they nourish and smoothen it. Avoid any toner with alcohol since it may dry your skin out. In case you have a hypersensitive skin you may need care before using products with essential oil, they may cause contact dermatitis.
3. Combination Skin
In case you have a combination skin, worry not, look for a toner with lactic acid. Lactic acid has benefits of hydrating dry skin, and its gentle and does not thin your skin. It is also beneficial to sensitive skin
4. Mature Skin
One of the things that affects everyone skin is aging. For mature skin you need toners that fight free radicals, protects your skin and trigger skin cells regeneration. Aloe Vera is known for soothing and moisturizing skin. It should be one of the ingredients you search for in your toner. Look for toners that contains vitamin E, a good antioxidants and radical fighting elements.
5. Sensitive Skin
Sensitive skin is usually complex and complicated to manage. It is more delicate and vulnerable to skin problems. Go for toners with witch hazel extract, aloe vera, algae or say amino acids.
- Witch hazel has antibacterial properties that help protect your skin and also help in tightening your skin pores.
- Algae contains amino acids. Amino acids help to detoxify and get rid of impurities that can lead to skin inflammation.
Always avoid alcohol based skin toners they are normally harsh for sensitive skin.
6. Oily Skin
Oily skin requires natural astringents that can help tighten your skin pores. Witch hazel is an ideal ingredient for oily skin. In addition, bentonite clay toners or which contain it are ideal for oily skin also. Clay is known to purify your skin, maintain or lower skin ph and can also control shine.
You may also consider toners with salicylic acid to help keep blemishes at bay. For this kind of skin toners which have moisturizers content in them. Always target the refreshing toners for your oily skin.
7. Normal Skin
This kind of skin is neither too dry nor too oily. To select the best toner for normal skin choose depending on the environmental and weather conditions. Choose these toners appropriately to keep it good in that weather condition.
- For hot summer you may consider refreshing toners.
- For harsh winter seasons you may consider moisturizing toner.
In addition, you may consider toners containing hyaluronic acid and coenzyme Q10. According to dermstore coenzyme Q10 is a powerful antioxidant. Hyaluronic acid helps to soften, replenish and keep you skin well hydrated.
Toning tips (Considerations)
- Avoid toners that are alcohol based, they may be harsh for your skin.
- If you have acne or pimples, use toner that has salicylic acid.
- You may consider keeping your toner in a refrigerator. This will give a refreshing and cooling effect on your skin.
- Toners with caffeine are good for dull skin.
- Skin toners can be grouped as;
Fresheners or skin bracers: – these toners are gentlest to dry, hydrated, sensitive and normal skin. They contain (0-10%) alcohol ingredients, humectant like glycerin and water.
Skin tonics: – these toners are slightly stronger and suitable for oily skin combination and normal skin. They contain (10-20%) alcohol skin
Astringents: – this is the strongest toners. They contain water, humectant, antiseptic and alcohol (20-60%).
Skin expert Dr. Gilbert recommends you may skip skin toners if you will use effective cleanser, serum, moisturizers and sunscreen.
Moisturizing involves hydrating and softening your skin. Moisturizers play an important role in preventing water loss from your skin through the outer layer of your skin. Moisturizers usually complement the natural occurring skin protective oils and other elements like ceramides within the skin.
Skin normally loses moisture retention ability as we age. Daily activities like washing may also strip natural hydrants from the skin surface. Therefore, everyone need moisturizers, although the types to use differ with your skin type. Using moisturizers twice a day is crucial if you have oily or sensitive skins.
For effective results apply your skin moisturizers when your skin is still damp from washing. Alternatively, you may rinse your skin before moisturizing to help seal in the moisture.
Characteristics of a Good Moisturizers
- Absorb into the skin and relieve any skin tightness or dryness.
- Should be light weight i.e. Should not feel like a separate layer of skin.
- It should soothe your skin.
- Hydrate your skin.
Type of Moisturizers
Moisturizers mostly contains emollients and humectants like Urea, glycerin and alpha hydroxyl acids. Emollients sink in skin and replace lips or fat to make your skin look healthier. Emollients are plants oil, minerals or animal oils like: shea butter, cocoa butter, petrolatum, cholesterol and silicones.
Humectants draws water from air to your skin and keep it there. They are best on humid weather but not on dry seasons.
Moisturizers can be broadly grouped as:
1. Those designed for a specific type of skin;
Knowing well your skin type and degree of dryness may help determine the type of moisturizers to use. The following types of moisturizers are meant for specific skin types as follows:
- Gel: these moisturizers are a good way of hydrating your skin without clogging your pores. Gel moisturizers are suitable for many skins. Water based moisturizers are lightweight in nature, although this doesn’t make it less effective than other cream moisturizers.
- Lotions: The moisturizers work well with every skin. They are mostly non-comedogenic (don’t clog your pores). They leave your skin moisturized or dewy.
- Creams: Cream are thicker than lotion, they are best moisturizers for dry skin. However, night creams are thicker and can have a shinier finish. Night cream are good for aging or mature skin and help to replenish the skin moisture to wake up with moist elastic skin.
- Ointments: These are heavy petroleum based so as to retain moisture and cause soothing effects. Ointments moisturizers are best moisturizers for mature skin, dry skin and eczema prone skin. It’s also good when applied on skin cut or sunburn.
- Oil: Oil based moisturizers are best moisturizers for sensitive, dry and ageing or mature skin. Don’t worry these oil based moisturizers are intended to give your skin specific oils to your skin.
- Serum: Serum contains active ingredients that are lightweight and absorbent products. Experts advice’s you can use serum alone if you feel it fully moisturizes your skin.
2. Those designed for day or night use
Some creams moisturizers are meant to be use during the day especially those with sunscreen. Others cream moisturizers are meant to be used during the night to help replenish your skin moisture.
3. Those designed for specific part of your body
Different body parts have different types of moisturizers.
- Face lotion: this lotion moisturizer is lighter than hand and body lotion. The skin on face is more sensitive than that on the hands. This kind of lotion should be easily absorbable. Its main ingredients should include methanol, eucalyptus, mint all that have astringents properties. For mature skin you may consider vitamin A ingredient.
- Hand moisturizers: your hands are the main area that start showing the sign of aging. We also strip the hands natural occurring oils through washing. For hands you may consider moisturizers with nut oils, mild alcohol, daily products vitamin A and E to soften your hand skin.
- Body moisturizers: Body lotion is thicker than face and hand lotion but thinner than face and hand creams. Most body moisturizers contain alpha hydroxyl acids, or fruit acids, and natural nut oils like shea or jojoba. These moisturizers are easy to apply and usually absorbed into the skin without much hassle.
4. Those designed to offer added benefits to your skin.
- Sun protection: dermatologists recommend s use of moisturizers with sunscreen especially if it’s for face use.
- Antioxidants: Dermatologists recommend use of moisturizers with antioxidants like chamomile, pomegranate or green tea to keep your skin fresh looking and healthy. Antioxidants are known to neutralize free radicals that leads to skin aging.
- Other benefits to specific skin types include;
- Dry skin: moisturizers like hyaluronic acid, glycerin, dimethicone, lanolin, mineral oil etc. They help to lock in skin moisture.
- Itchy skin: Hypoallergenic moisturizers, hydrocortisone steroid moisturizer creams. They help to resolve itching problem.
- Acne prone skin: look for non comedogenic moisturizers and those with anti-aging and hydroxyl acids properties.
- Sensitive skin: look for moisturizers with less or few ingredients (less than 10 ingredients). This would help to prevent potential interaction that might leads to acne pimples break out or inflammation.
- Eczema: ointment moisturizers with petroleum jelly (petrolatum). The jelly helps to sooth the skin cracks.
Essential Considerations When Moisturizing Your Skin
- Apply moisturizers immediately after cleansing or toning to lock in skin moisture before evaporating.
- Don’t be tempted to skip moisturizing if you have oily skin. Skipping triggers your skin to start overproducing sebum.
- Apply moisturizers gently on your skin in circular motion using clean fingertips.
- Make sure you don’t forget your neck skin to attain attractive neck and chest skin like other areas.
- Don’t equate cost with higher quality. You can get plenty of moisturizers at pocket friendly prices.
- The heavier the moisturizer is, the better it is to prevent skin moisture loss. However, heavy moisturizers may clog pores creating a conducive environment for bacterial to thrive causing acne or pimples break out.
- If need arise, use more than one moisturizer with appropriate ingredients for your skin.
- Look for moisturizers with SPF (sun protection factor) of 15 or more. Presence of alpha hydroxyl and vitamin A may boost your antiaging characteristic.
- According to WebMD, you may consider tinted moisturizers to boost your complexion.
Other ingredient to look for include; rosehip seed oil, evening primrose oil, borage oil, phospholipids, cranberry oil, sweet almond oil, and jojoba oil. These ingredients do mimic the natural oils found on your skin and help in repair your skin moisture barrier
Avoid the following for these type of skins:
- Dry and sensitive skin; avoid alpha hydroxyl, glycolic, salicylic and retinoic acids and alcohol. You should also consider avoiding harsh antibacterial agents, colorings and perfumes.
- Itchy skin; avoid over use of steroidal agents like creams and ointments. Overuse may trigger other skin problems.
- Cracked or eczema skin; keep away from moisturizers with drying skin agents like lactic or urea acids. They may worsen your skin condition.
- Acne prone skin; avoid moisturizers with body product ingredients like waxes, shea butter, lanolin and mineral oils. These ingredients may worsen skin pores clogging.