What does small white bump on the gums mean? To begin with, it is caused by an infection resulting from various diseases. The white bumps on the gums may be an alert of a pathetic infection of the gums. The bumps normally appear as hard or tender lumps which may be accompanied with pain or at times without pain. Therefore, it calls for one to have a knowledge on the causes, symptoms and how treatment can be administered.
In most cases, small white bumps on the gums occur due to the increase in the infections as a result of bacteria. It is characterized by an abscess which in turn may cause the formation of lumps on the gums. White bumps on the gums may normally vary in size and color.
This condition of white bumps on the gums is also well known as gumboil or at times referred to as parulis. It should also be noted that, white bumps not only affect the gums no! It can also affect the lips, cheeks and the teeth at large. The white bumps on the gums may be caused by a number of diseases like;
- Canker sores
- Oral herpes
- Gum injury
- Dental abscess
- Hormonal changes i.e. during pregnancy in women
Does white bumps on the gums cause inflammation? The presence of the white bumps on the gums may be accompanied by some inflammation around that region. When the condition is less serious and goes unnoticed for a longer period, it may later on cause severe pain that will be accompanied by inflammation.
Symptoms of white bumps on the gums
How will tell if you have white bumps on your gums? At this point, it calls for one see a dentist who will examine your gums. After the examination, the following are the indicators of you having white bumps on the gums,
- Peeling of the gums
- When the mucus membrane in your mouth turns red
- Presence of red patches that have white borders
- The presence of mouth ulcers.
- Tongue with white bumps on it.
What causes white bumps on gums?
White bumps on the gums has a variety of causes. However, small white bump on gums is mostly associated with contraction of certain diseases like gingivitis. Below are the causes of small white bumps on the gums;
1. White bumps on gums after tooth extraction
Tooth extraction simply refers to the removal of a tooth from its socket in the bone. One of the risk factors of this practice is that, there may appear the formation of white spots on the gum after tooth extraction. The white bump may be formed as a result two possible reasons, either due to irritation of the gum tissues or due to the formation of blood clot during the healing process.
In addition, there might be the formation of fluid-filled bubbles on the gums after tooth extraction. The fluid-filled bubble is normally referred to as a sore or cyst. It resembles a pimple and usually pops out after the removal of a tooth. It can also happen during tooth feeling or at times tooth implant.
2. Smoking cigarette
The smoking of cigarette is unhealthy to human beings. When used, it accompanied by many undesirable signs and symptoms. One of the common symptom is the formation of white spots and sore gums. Other possible symptoms include;
- Formation of white spots on the tonsils
- Causes swelling in the mouth
- Causes inflammation of the tongue
3. Mouth ulcers and blisters
Ulcers and blisters are the main causes of the most sores that normally affects the oral tissues. Sores in the mouth can appear on any side of the mouth i.e. on the roof, on the gums on the lips o on the tongue. The sore might appear single or multiple depending on the seriousness of the infection.
The sores that affect the gums may also vary in size and color. This variation is caused by the differences in the causes of the sores. Some may be reddish in color but some white. Blisters on gums are caused by hormonal changes, gum infection and smoking tobacco.
On the other hand, mouth ulcers can also affects the gums at large. Mouth ulcers are the open sores or blisters in the mouth. They are caused by a number of factors like, mouth injury, having a weak immune system, excessive loss of water or dehydration and emotional/mental stress.
Mouth ulcers can appear on the floor of the mouth, on the inside of the cheeks, on the lips, on the gums and on the other oral parts of the mouth as well. Mouth ulcers are also characterized by the formation of white bumps on the gums
4. Oral herpes
Oral herpes is caused by herpes simplex virus. The herpes simplex virus causes the formation of white bumps and sores on the lips, tongue and also on the gums. It is also characterized by fever and aching of the body muscles.
Oral herpes can be contacted by coming into direct contact with saliva of a victim, the skin or the mucus membrane.
5. Oral cancer
It is commonly termed as mouth cancer. Oral cancer causes the development of tumors inside the mouth. It can also develop on the glands in the mouth like those that produce saliva and not sparing the tonsils.
Oral cancer is pathetic and has very undesirable symptoms. Some of the symptoms of oral cancer are, formation of red or white patches, sores that are persistent and also the development of mouth ulcers.
Hard white bump on gums
Do the white bumps on the gums feel hard? Could it be true that the hard bumps is a symptom or oral cancer? It should be noted that, the texture and the appearance of bumps on the gums is determine by it root cause. The bumps may at times feel hard and others may feel smooth.
Normally, white bumps on the gums begin as small hard bumps. In addition, it is not only the structure and appearance of the bumps that vary but also the color and size.
When it comes to hard bumps on the gum, there are high prospects that the root causes of the bumps is an end result of a sexually transmitted infections. Some of the possible infections include, HIV/AIDS, Gonorrhea or chlamydia.
White bump on gums no pain
Is it possible that bumps white bumps on the gums can be without pain? In most scenarios, bumps are harmless. The
bumps may not necessarily pain but are accompanied other undesirable symptoms like irritation of the gum tissues. The irritation may become so severe to a point that the patient may not be able to take foods or gaggle fluids.
In such cases, it is highly recommended to seek medical attention before the condition get even worse. In addition, the bumps may begin to spread to other parts of the mouth like the tongue, inner cheeks, and on the lips.
The white bumps on the gums with no pain usually begins in a simple and harmless way. The first appear as small hard bumps. If the patient does not seek medical attention, the small hard bumps begin to expand and become big in size. At this point, the bumps may begin to cause some pain.
Painful bumps on gums
Bumps on the gums can either be painful or at times they may be with no pain. These bumps normally appear in different sizes and color. Painful bumps on the gums pictures may appear gray, red, or white but they all signify the presence of an infection.
The bumps can be treated easily by the use of home remedies and drugs over the counter. However, some of the bumps become chronic and painful. This may force one to visit a doctor. There are several causes of painful bumps on the gums. The most common ones are;
1. Canker sores
Canker sores are actually small and shallow mouth ulcers. The sores make mouth functions like talking and eating very painful. The sores can either be simple which normally appear three to four time a year and have a lifespan of up to a week. The second type is the complex canker sores which are very rare and normally affect those who have once suffered from the same condition.
Simple canker sores are caused by injury of the tissues and the consumption of some foods. On the other hand, complex canker sores are caused by some health condition of the body like an impaired immune system.
Canker sore are always accompanied by undesirable symptoms in the mouth. These symptoms include;
- Burning sensation in the mouth a moment before the sore comes out.
- White round sores in the mouth with a red edge. The sore can also be gray in color.
- Painful sores that appear either on the tongue, the soft palate, or inside the cheeks
Gingivitis is a periodontal disease. It affects the gums and normally causes the gingiva to become irritated, inflamed and turns out to be read in color. The disease is very serious and never should it be given a chance since it can lead to other several conditions like the loss of teeth.
Gingivitis is caused by poor oral hygiene. Poor hygiene contributes to the formation of a bacteria called plaque. The bacteria is soft, sticky, colorless that forms on the gums and teeth. The plaque needs to be removed by brushing of teeth on a daily basis. Otherwise, it will continue accumulating and cause gingivitis which is characterized by the irritation of the tissues around the gums.
Symptoms for gingivitis
It very risky and dangerous to have gingivitis. It is accompanied by undesirable symptoms that may even bring psychological torture to the patient. Though in some cases, the symptoms may not show up, below are some of the symptoms of gingivitis;
- Causes the teeth to become loose
- The gums swell and become red and tender with white bumps
- The teeth become too sensitive
- Feeling pain especially when chewing food
- Having gums that seems to have been pulled away from the teeth
- Formation of pus in between the teeth and the gums
- Bleeding gums when brushing
3. Gum Irritation
Irritation is the state of feeling annoyed, impatient or at times feeling angry. Irritation may also be the production of inflammation or other discomfort in a body part of organ. Gum irritation therefore may be one of the most common causes of white bumps on the gums. The irritation is caused by irritants that affect certain areas of the gums.
The gum tissues are very soft and delicate. Therefore irritation may take place if the tissues are exposed to rough objects. The irritation can also be caused by ill-fitting dentures and many other dental appliances. This irritation may then cause the formation of small white bumps on the gums.
However, white bumps on the gums are not always as a result of irritation, the white bumps can also be caused by gum cancer.
4. Oral thrush
Oral thrush is one of the major causes of white bumps on the gums. The infection is caused by yeast. When the yeast enters your mouth and develops on mouth tissues.
Oral thrush mostly affects infants and toddlers. This infection triggers the formation of small white bumps on the gums, cheeks and at times on the tongue. The yeast growth may persist until treatment is administered is when it goes away. Therefore, oral thrush should be treated to avoid further problems.
Symptoms of oral thrush
- White bumps on that appear on the gums, inner side of the cheeks, on the tongue and also tonsils.
- Bleeding on the gums especially when the bumps are scratched.
- Severe pain on the bumps
- Causes the corners of the mouth to dry and begin to crack.
- Causes difficulties in feeding especially for infants.
White bump on gums above tooth
What causes the formation of white bump on the gums above the tooth? It is possible to have bumps on the gums above the tooth. This may be cause either by the kind of brush that one uses brush the teeth, chewing of tobacco or the use of the snuffs.
How to get rid of a white bump on gums
It is always very difficult for an individual to cope up with white bumps on gums. This is because, the white bump causes irritation and inflammation of the mouth tissues. This makes one uncomfortable and restless. Therefore, there is need to get rid of the white bumps on gums. Below are the various ways of removing the white bumps and spots on your gums.
1. Salt + glove oil
Salt water is a home remedy is well known and widely used because of its amazing cleansing properties. The major purpose of salt is to cleanse the gums and to relieve pain. The remedy also works by killing any bacteria that may be present in the mouth. This is achieved since the salt water creates an alkaline media in which bacteria strain so much to survive.
According to Delta Dental, “Salt is an isotonic solution, which means it contains the same salts and minerals our bodies do in equal concentrations. For this reason, it doesn’t irritate the mucous membranes as a medicinal mouthwash might, which is why many dentists recommend it as a gentle healing aid after a procedure.”
In addition to salt water, the glove oil on the other hand is also of very much important. It is normally used on the affected area to relieve pain.
However, for faster elimination of pain, you are advised to use mouthwashes with a very high levels of alcoholic contents. Alternatively, mouthwashes can be blended using hydrogen peroxide and water. Thereafter, the mixture can be used to rinse the mouth but take caution not to swallow the contents.
2. Use of Antibiotics
Antibiotics refers to drugs that are normally used to get rid of bacteria. Antibiotics eliminates the bacteria by killing them. However, antibiotics cannot be used to get rid of a viral infection but only bacterial infections.
Most of the white bumps on the gums are bacterial and therefore, the use of antibiotics will greatly help. The antibiotics are also purposefully used to provide relief on the white bumps that appear on the gums. It causes any swelling to disappear and allow for further treatments.
Medical treatment for white bump on the gums
White bumps on the gums may be harmless. However, in some case the condition become chronic. In such a condition, it calls for the patient to seek medical attention or guidance by a dentist. Below are some of the practices that are medically advisable for getting rid of white bumps on the gums.
Maintain general dental cleanness by use of correct tooth paste
Hygiene is very key for dental health and general health of the whole body. Therefore, is medically advisable to keep the mouth clean and fresh at all times. The will help to get rid of white bumps on the gums.
This may be achieved through brushing of teeth on a daily basis and freshen your mouth immediately after brushing teeth. And for the sake of white bumps, it very important that you use alcohol based mouthwash.
However, some toothpastes are very irrigative and harmful. Therefore, you should be careful with the type of toothpastes used. This will avoid future problems.
Go for dental check-up regularly
Taking regular visits to a dentist for dental check-up is very important. The dentist will carry out examinations and in case of any problems, it will be the right time for you to prevent any suspicious problems at their early stage through treatment.
White bump on gums of baby
Babies are not left behind when it comes to white bumps on the gums. Most of the babies are born with complications. Therefore, when a baby is born, there are a number of inspection done to establish if the baby is having any of the complication or any other unique features. Some of the most common complication in babies newly born babies is the formation of white bumps on the gums.
Babies not only have white bums on the gums at birth, they may also be victims of other complications. Some of the variations may harmless and some of them may as well be very harmful to the babies. But all in all, any complication to newly baby will always cause anxiety to the parents.
How to take care of a baby’s mouth.
Babies at their tender age have very weak immune system. This makes them prone to infections, their bodies are not strong enough to fight diseases. Therefore, the mouth of a baby ought to be kept clean at all time. Therefore, having knowledge on how to keep the mouth of a baby clean is very beneficial.
Furthermore, the variations mention earlier on may also be the major cause of white spots on the gums of a baby. These spots may come as a result of irritants coming into contact with the mouth tissues of a baby or when the gums of a baby rub each other. It is always advisable to see a doctor for the check-up of the infant’s mouth.
However, your baby may not have developed teeth yet but it is very important to keep her/her mouth clean. This may be achieved by ensuring that the mouth of your baby is always clean after birth. Though the baby may feel uncomfortable during the exercise, he/she will become used to it over time. The health objectives of cleaning your baby’s mouth are;
- To ensure that your baby’s mouth is always clean and free from bacteria.
- To help your people adapt the routine at the tender age
- To help him/her to get rid of future mouth complications
Home remedies for white bumps on the gums
Is it possible to get rid of white bumps on the gums by use of home remedies? So far, the use of homemade remedies is the best option for white bumps of the gums. However, it is always advisable to identify the root cause of white bumps or any other ailment before going for treatment.
Home remedies are natural, readily available and have less or no side effect. But you should note that, most of the home remedies will only help reduce the pain, irritation and help dry the ruptured sore. They not necessarily bring healing. You therefore need to seek medication thereafter.
Use Aloe Vera gel to heal the wound
Aloe Vera has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties that makes very useful in the treatment of skin infections. Aloe is therefore used to heal any wound that may be present in the mouth including the white bumps on the gums. It also reduces the bleeding of gums.
In order to use aloe Vera effectively,
- Mix aloe Vera gel in a cup of water
- Swab the mixture using a sponge and spread it over the sores
- Repeat step (2) three times a day after meals to relieve the pain a
- Aloe Vera will also accelerate the healing process.
b) Coconut oil to get rid of canker sores
Coconut oil is widely used for healing of canker sores because it contains potent anti-inflammatory properties. This remedy works very well wen eaten. Eating will help to get rid of any white bums that are present on the tongue. It will also help to curb the peeling of mouth tissues. And finally, it will also help in the treatment of white bumps on the gums.
It is important to note that, fresh coconut fruits are advisable because they are very operative. In order to use it effectively, follow the guidelines below,
To prepare the remedy you will need to follow the procedure below.
- Prepare the coconut oil
- Using a soft piece of cloth or cotton, swab the oil
- Spread it evenly on the wounds and affected regions
- Leave to stay on for 10 minutes before removing it out
- Repeat this twice a day for excellent results
- This should be done until the white bumps disappear
c) Use Wax to cover the sores
The use of wax to cover the white bumps reduces direct contact with teeth. When not in contact, the friction between them is reduced and the healing process is not interfered with. The wax used should be harmless and not very sticky beeswax could be very significant.
For excellent results, follow the steps below,
- Mix beeswax with a little coconut oil
- Allow the mixture to cool after melting
- Use the wax to cap the bumps
d) Chamomile tea
Chamomile tea is a product of chamomile plant. The chamomile plant contains a chemical compound that possesses potent anti-inflammatory and anti-septic properties. Therefore, chamomile is used on white bumps on gums to relieve pain, and speed up the process of healing.
e) Use raw Honey to speed up healing process
Honey is very health and is used as a home remedy for many health problems. The reason behind it is that, honey contains very strong anti-inflammatory and potential anti-bacterial properties. Therefore, honey apart from healing white bumps on the gums, it can also be used to cure other oral infections like coughing, sore throats and also canker sores. The role of honey is to soothe and speed up the healing process.
Therefore, honey is highly recommended for white bumps in the mouth.
Sources and references
- Healthcure.org: White Bump on Gums, not Painful, above, below Tooth, Baby, Spots, Sore, Home Remedy, Get Rid, Pictures
- Health Edition: White Bumps on Gum, Causes, Hard Lump, Near Tooth, Small, Hurts, No Pain, Pictures & Treatment
- NHS choices: Mouth ulcers
- Your Health Beauty Authority: White Spots on Gums, Bumps, Pictures, Painful, after using Hydrogen Peroxide, Brushing, Whitening, Baby, Get Rid
- WebMD: Dental Health and Canker Sores
- Healthline: Gum Disease (Gingivitis)
- Web MD: Oral herpes