Bumps or lumps around, near or inside the anus can be embarrassing and cause a lot of discomfort especially when sitting. Bumps on anus may be red itchy or small white hard, either one or a cluster of small bumps, pea shaped near, inside or around the anus.
Identifying the real cause of these bumps is the best way to cure them. The causes may include STD’s, obesity, liver disease, constipation, hemorrhoids or even yeast infection. However awkward it may feel, talk to your health care professional they can help you properly diagnose and get rid of these bumps.
What is the causes of Anal bumps?
Anal herpes is an infection caused by herpes simplex virus. The virus results to eruption of sores, blisters and different lesions near and around anus. Anal herpes is a contagious infection passed through sexual contact with infected person.
The herpes is characterized by:
- Red bumps.
- Changes in bowel movement.
- Itchy and painful white blisters or ulcers around the anus.
- Ulcers that develop at the site of original blisters.
Can bumps on anus be a symptom of STD’s? Generally, many known symptoms are only seen on the penis and vagina. However, bumps can also exist as a sign of sexually transmitted diseases.
- Genital warts is one of the skin contact transmitted disease where a person comes into contact with an infected person. Some warts are harmless although others may cause cervical and anal cancer. Pink flesh colored raised warts, or flat or cauliflower shaped are other symptoms of genital warts.
- Scabies usually not a STD but an itchy infection caused by a tiny mite. These tiny mites, burrows into the human skin to lay their eggs causing intense itching especially at night. It can spread also through skin to skin contact.
- Gonorrhea spreads easily through sexual intercourse. It is known to lead to infertility in both men and women If left untreated. Its signs include skin rashes, swollen testicles, discharge from penis, virginal discharge, pelvic pain and urinary and vaginal infections.
- Syphilis is an infection that can lead to blindness or death if left untreated. Its symptoms include; round painless sore or bump on the anus or genitals, swollen glands, fever hair loss or fatigue etc.
Others sexually transmitted diseases include;
- Herpes simplex virus (type 1) is generally the cold sore you get on your lips every now and then. Cold sore is not usually an STD but it spreads through kissing especially among house hold members. However, the blisters can spread to the genitals through oral or genital contact with the suffer causing sore like bumps.
- Herpes simplex virus (type 2) is highly contagious and spreads through direct contact or sexual intercourse with herpes sore. Its symptoms usually are painful fluid filled blisters, crusted sores on anus, buttocks, thighs or genitals.
- HIV/AIDS virus weakens the body immune system against infections. This leaves the body prone to other infections that can cause bumps on anus. It spreads through sexual intercourse with the infected person.
- Lymphogranuloma Venereum is causes by type of chlamydia. LGV is becoming common on men who have sex with fellow men. Its signs include open sores on the anus and genitals, fever, fatigues and swollen gland. It may cause rectal bleeding and discharge when acquired through anal sex.
Can a virgin get STD? Yes, many STD’s that spread through sexual contact may also spread through skin contact and oral sex. The best way avoid an STD is to abstain from any sexual activity, get tested before sexual activity, use condom and get regular checkups.
Straining bowel movement or constipation/ diarrhea
Constipation and diarrhea are some of the causes of strained bowel movement. Lack or inadequate fiber food intake may accelerate this problem causing piles.
Heavy lifting and prolonged sitting
Lifting heavy objects increases pressure on the internal rectal veins causing hemorrhoids. Heavy objects lifting strains or pressures the lower abdomen just like the pressure experienced on childbirth or pregnancy.
If you regularly push or lift weight you are in the risk of developing bumps on anus or hemorrhoids.
Sore bumps may appear on your anus if you practice anal sex. Having anal sex can lead to hemorrhoids or other infections like syphilis and other STD’s that can cause lesions on your anus.
Obese people are prone to anal bumps. Overweight people perspire more and they routinely wear tight fitting clothes or underwear that make them prone to get anal bumps or heat rash. Overweight individuals, according to obesity action, are more prone to both painful and irritating hemorrhoids.
Taking high fiber diet daily is one of the ways to keep this problem at bay. Decreased physical activity or even prolonged sitting by obese people also aggravate this problem. If you are overweight engage in physical activities and avoid prolonged sitting to overcome anal bumps.
Some liver infections may cause anal bumps. Blood flow abnormalities like Budd Chiari syndrome that cause blood clots to form in the hepatic veins and prevent blood from flowing from the liver. This condition is caused by abnormally elevated red blood cell count, sickle cell, pregnancy or inflammatory bowel movement.
Budd Chiari syndrome causes increased pressure within the blood vessels and can lead to liver failure and cirrhosis.
Warts or Condyloma Acuminata are small bumps that occurs around or even inside the anus. Generally anal warts are painless and do not cause discomfort. However, at times the anal warts may grow large, itch or bleed or cause discharge from anus.
The warts may be on one place or even spread to other parts of anus and genitals. Anal warts may look flesh colored, pink, light brown or yellow either small to notice or clustered together. The warts are caused by human papilloma virus that also causes genital warts.
Anal warts are sexually transmitted infection that spread through sex and direct contact with the anus, mouth penis or vagina of the infected person. You can get HPV even if you have one partner or when using condoms.
This is an infection caused by overgrowth of candida around the genitals and groin. The infection is common in women although men are at risk too. The main cause of candida overgrowth is too much moisture around the genitals and the groin.
Hemorrhoids/ piles are blood vessels located in the smooth muscle walls of the rectum and anus especially where two arteries merge into a vein. Piles are clumps of enlarged blood vessels in the lower rectum and anus.
They can either be external or internal hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids are found on the area above pectinate line. They are covered with cells same as those that line the rest of the intestine.
External hemorrhoids arise below the pectinate line and are covered with cells that resemble the skin. they are usually found beneath the skin that surround the anus. The hemorrhoids become painful, itchy and at times bleed when they begin to swell.
The main causes of hemorrhoids include;
- Pregnancy may also cause hemorrhoid due to pressure that the uterus places on the blood veins.
- Strained bowel movement like diarrhea and constipation that gets on the way the blood flows into and out of the anus area. This causes poling of blood and enlargement of the blood vessels in the area.
- Low fiber food and smaller caliber stool may cause strain when having bowel movement resulting to hemorrhoids.
- Others include; Obesity, colon cancer, previous rectal surgery and spinal cord injury etc.
If you have blood in your stool, it’s not normal thus consult your doctor since it may come from benign causes like hemorrhoid or life threatening causes like ulcers, diverticulitis, inflammatory bowel disease or even cancer or tumors.
Small bumps that sprout near your anus may occasionally mistaken and misdiagnosed as hemorrhoids. Although it might be referred to as external pile, but it’s like a blood blister not actually a pile.
It occurs when bowels and the anus stretches and sometimes a tiny blood vessel raptures causing a leak of blood just under the skin. It raises to a pea size bump on the margin of the anus opening.
The region is very sensitive and when stretched further by stool, perianal haematomas becomes worse.
This is a contagious type of bumps that may appear anywhere on the body including near or around anus. They spread through body contact, however they are usually harmless and can last between 6-12 months. They are small bumps that mainly heal without doctor’s intervention.
Bumps on your anus may be a sign of anal cancer. However, you shouldn’t conclude on that, since sore bumps on anus are rarely a sign of anus cancer.
Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease(STD) caused by simplex virus. There are two types of herpes simplex virus namely;
- Herpes simplex virus -1 that causes colds sores
- Herpes simplex virus -2 that causes genital herpes
It is worth noting that both virus spread through any sexual contact with the genital area of the infected person. Both types of these virus can cause sores on the genital areas.
Is it possible to get herpes from the toilet seat? No it is impossible to get herpes from a toilet seat.
Can you contact herpes when having oral sex with infected person? Yes, you risk getting cold sores when you have oral sex with infected person. You can get genital herpes by having vaginal, anal, oral sex or even getting in contact with saliva or skin in the oral area of the infected person.
Can genital herpes affect my baby during pregnancy? Yes, you can pass the infection to your baby. In case you are pregnant and you had contacted genital herpes before, talk to your doctor. Herpes passed to your baby during delivery can cause neonatal herpes (deadly infection). In addition, genital herpes is known to cause miscarriage or cause early baby delivery. It is very important to take precaution and avoid contacting herpes during pregnancy.
During pregnancy, progesterone increases and at times contribute to the constipation by slowing down the intestinal tract. Constipation may also aggravate bumps near anus as you tend to strain when you experience constrained bowel movement.
Constrained movement may cause hemorrhoid especially on the third trimester of your pregnancy. Hemorrhoids discomfort is a common problem during early pregnancy, however they disappear soon after giving birth.
Have you shaved lately? If yes, the bumps around anus may be razor or shaving bumps. If proper techniques are not followed you may develop a rash around your anus. Consequently, failure to shave may also lead to appearance of itchy heat rash.
Using unclean and blunt razor may also cause razor bumps. Shaving bumps are easy to identify. After shaving you will feel irritation or burning and redness of the skin
Rectal skin tag
Anal skin tag is considered harmless growth that hung of the skin around or near the anus like any other part of the body. Skin tags are not contagious. However, when they are too large it may involve surgical removal, freezing therapy or burning.
Types of bumps on anus
White bumps on anus
What causes white bump on anus? A cyst is one of the skin condition can cause white sore lesion on anus. White bumps near anus opening may also appear due to anal herpes. Sometimes these bumps may appear as white spots.
However regardless of the cause it’s advisable to visit your doctor for check up to rule out serious health risks like cancer. Both male and female are prone to white bumps on anus.
Sore Lumps inside anus
Anal abscess is most likely condition to cause lump inside anus.
Abscess or boil is a painful pus filled swelling near and around anus.
Perennial boil can be red in color and have warm feeling when touched. Large boils can be very discomforting. If not treated it may lead to a complication called fistula.
The main causes of sore lumps inside anus include:
- STD’s especially due to anal sex
- Blocked anal gland as a result of poor hygiene
- Anal fistula
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Rectal cancer
Sore bumps near anus
Pimple like lumps may appear near anus due to many conditions. Out of which some may be minor and harmless while others may be serious, contagious and life threatening. Bumps near anus may be
- Sebaceous cyst
- Anal abscess; painful fluid filled bumps caused by infection of the anal sinuses.
- Anal warts
- Dermoid cyst; common in children at birth especially females.
Bumps near anus can be painful itchy, annoying and discomforting. They may make walking hard and even performing some simple duties hard.
Some of the causes of bumps near anus include;
- Yeast infection
- Diaper rash
- Poor hygiene
- Wearing ill-fitting clothes
- Poor dieting
- Hereditary factors
Purple Bump on anus
What does the purple bumps on my butt means? If you have itchy purple on your butt that hurts when sitting down, it may be a case of hemorrhoids (a dilated blood vessel in the anus and rectum). Commonly these bumps affect female mostly, however the males are also prone especially those who practice anal intercourse, obese and weight lifters.
Sometimes these vessels enlarge, engorge and often protrude a hard purple sore lumps on your ass. If you are pregnant or constipated it may increase the risks of developing hemorrhoids on your anus.
Are there other colored anal bumps?
If you have extreme itchy bumps on your butt get checked up to rule our infections like scabies. Scabies is caused by mites that burrow under the skin and cause horrible itchiness. In case you develop a large sore or super-sized acne lesion that often turns pink, tender or that keep becoming larger painful and swollen. Visit your doctor to have it opened and drained.
Do you have warm bump of your anus? Any bump that is warm to touch, swollen painful or leak pus may be a severe deep infection, consult your dermatologist.
Bumps that hurts, painful itchy on anus
Painful and itchy anal bumps is very painful and embarrassing. The main reasons for itchy anal sore bumps include;
- Viral or bacterial infection.
- Yeast infection
Small itchy bumps may also appear due to hemorrhoids. This condition can make it painful when you are passing stool or bowel movement. Perianal hematoma may also cause mild or severe painful bumps on your anal area.
Remedies of getting rid of anal bumps
A) Home remedies
- Aloe Vera gel
Aloe Vera has anti-inflammatory properties that soothes irritated skin or bumps like piles. To use Aloe Vera, apply the fresh squeezed gel or purchased gel directly on the sore lumps.
- Wet wipes
Hardy or dry tissue papers may irritate the skin or pimples on the anus especially when you have constrained bowel movement. Wet wipes are better alternatives to avoid more irritation as well as maintaining hygiene. Swipes product contains ingredients like alcohol and perfumes that help relive irritation.
- Epson salt
Epson has anti-bacterial properties that inhibits bacterial growth. It’s also a good pain reliever. For efficiency add Epson salt to a Luke warm water and soak in it for about 20-30 minutes especially after bowel movement.
- Cold compress
Wrap ice packs in a plastic bag, cover the bag with a clean piece of cloth. Hold the cloth on the painful, itchy or irritated anal bumps for about 10 minutes. Cold compress may also be used on the bleeding piles for relieve.
- Warm compress
Soak a clean cloth in the warm water and place It on the boil. Alternatively, you can use a microwave to warm the piece of cloth for a few seconds. Warm compress helps to reduce swelling or inflammation.
- Tea tree oil
Tea tree oil is a good antiseptic and contains antifungal properties. When applied on red anal bumps it has soothing effects. It helps prevent scratching urges thereby fastening the healing process.
- Neem oil
This is an Indian oil which has powerful antifungal and antiseptic properties. Apply it on the anal bumps thrice a day for improvement and effectiveness. It works in the same way as tea tree oil.
At times poor hygiene may lead to formation of bumps on anus. Keeping your skin clean and disinfected may assist your skin immune system to fight infections. Using antiseptic on the boil or bumps after bath may help to get rid of bumps on anus.
- Castrol oil
Castrol is effective in getting rid of lumps on anus. It helps in drying the affected skin and drying the bumps out that help to shrink it until they completely heal.
B) Behavior change
- Dietary method; food rich in fibers help prevent hemorrhoids i.e. bran cereals, whole grain, brown rice, popcorn, baked potatoes, beans etc.
- Avoid wearing tight or abrasive clothes; they trigger sweating that irritates the skin and cause heat rash or anal bumps. Wearing cotton undergarments may improve the situation and prevent risk of sweat anal bumps.
- Drink a lot of water to prevent constipation and also address diarrhea. This help to address hard stool that may cause anal fissures, hemorrhoids or even lead to skin tags formation.
- Exercise is also a behavioral change that may help manage risks of anal bumps during exercises it help prevent constipation. However, avoid lifting heavy loads since they may also lead to formation of hemorrhoids or anal sore bumps.
- Maintaining proper hygiene may help prevent anal bumps.